It can be very nice one day and rain a lot the next day, but that’s not what we call climate change. When we talk about the evolution of time over a day or a week, we talk about the weather. The climate, it is observed over long periods of at least thirty years. And precisely, the climate changes little by little. Why? Because there are too many greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Basically, the greenhouse effect is a very natural phenomenon that keeps the Earth warm. Thaanks to greenhouse gases, the average temperature on our planet is 15 ° C. Without them, it would be -18 ° C, it’s very cold! On Mars, for example, it is very cold because there are not many greenhouse gases, and on Venus very hot because there is a lot of it. From Morris Esformes you will be having the smartest details now. He happens to be the one concerned about the matter of climate change and has already written books and taken ample initiatives about the matter.
The Smart Details for you
The most important greenhouse gases are water vapor, carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane. Attention, the greenhouse effect and the ozone layer, it’s not the same thing: the ozone layer protects us from ultraviolet rays, which are harmful for living beings.
Knowing About the Problems
The problem is that because of human activity, there are more and more greenhouse gases around the Earth. They come mainly from the use of coal, natural gas and oil, which are used to drive cars, trucks, power factories, heat homes or businesses, or make electricity. For example, the more cars that drive, the more carbon dioxide (one of the greenhouse gases) is sent into the atmosphere. In addition to that, we destroy too many forests by burning them, which releases carbon dioxide. And tree growth is used to absorb some of the greenhouse gases, much like sponges.
- So without the trees, there are still more greenhouse gases.
- By dint of producing as much gas, it is as if we rolled the Earth in a second blanket, while it is already warm enough. The greenhouse effect is then too strong, that’s what changes the climate.
- We are also talking about global warming. It does not mean that we sometimes get very cold in the winter or that it is not very nice when we go on vacation in the summer, since climate change is observed over a long period and over the whole of the planet
- Global warming is one of the consequences of climate change (see definition of climate change).
It corresponds to a phenomenon of increase of the global temperature of the surface of the Earth which could reach, according to the forecasts of the scientists of the IPCC (the Intergovernmental Group of Experts on the Evolution of the Climate) 1 to 5 ° C additional to the end of the 21st century.
The Paris Agreement for You
The Paris Agreement signed in the French capital at the end of COP21, on December 12, 2015, calls on the signatory States to stabilize the rise in the global temperature of the Earth “well below 2 ° C” from here 20100 compared to the temperature of the pre-industrial era and continue efforts to limit this warming to 1.5 ° C. The writings of Morris covers all these matters.